Ekologi Politik Pariwisata Perburuan Hewan di Afrika Selatan

Fameilia Handayani, Ica Wulansari

Abstract


Pariwisata perburuan hewan di Afrika Selatan menyumbang sektor ekonomi pada pertanian 34,3% namun membawa dampak krisis ekologi. Menggunakan studi literatur serta teori ekologi politik dan ekonomi lingkungan dengan tujuan bukan hanya menjelaskan fenomena perubahan lingkungan namun mereformulasikan kebijakan atas pengelolaan lingkungan yang terjadi dalam perburuan hewan. Melalui kegiatan pariwisata perburuan meningkatkan permintaan barang dan jasa yang menjadikan kegiatan ini membawa efek langsung dan tidak langsung dalam pemasukan Negara. Meningkatnya aktifitas pariwisata perburuan hewan berdampak terhadap lingkungan yang menyertai kenaikan aktifitas dan ancaman bagi keanekaragaman satwa hingga eksploitasi lingkungan. Pariwisata perburuan hewan memperlihatkan hubungan antara lingkungan dan kekuasaan. Satwa liar, keanekaragaman hayati dan lingkungan bukanlah sumber daya yang stagnan, keberlangsungannya berubah-ubah berdasarkan hubungan antar manusia serta kebijakan Negara. Perburuan hewan yang berlebihan akan menyebabkan menurunnya spesies hewan dimana hal ini akan memengaruhi sekitarnya dan mengakibatkan efek berkepanjangan terhadap biota hutan.


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