Arief Wicaksono, Lusi Nurbaiti Badri, Ratu Desy Savitri, Irma Arlini Dewi, Muhammad Azzam


This article develops a learning model for the visiting students in Bogor Municipality Regional Planning and Development Agency (BAPPEDA). The proposed learning model is developed from a combined Problem-based Learning (PBL) and Outdoor Activity. Four students from a senior high school visited Bappeda from January 2nd 2023 until January 13th 2023. During their visit in Bappeda, students performed series of activities which include document analysis, discussion to decide study location, GIS (Geographic Information System) practice learning, field surveys, and final presentation. From these activities, a learning model was developed according to the PBL and oudoor learning principles.  Three major outcomes are generated from this combined learning model namely, students are able to map the Kampung Lauk using GIS sofware, students can prepare a simple questionnaire to inquire Bappeda employees’ perception about Kampung Lauk and distribute it, and students can identify problems relate to the development of Kampung Lauk and perform final presentation to offer recommendations.


Outdoor activity; Visiting students; Learning model development


A. Golightly, “Self- and peer assessment of preservice geography teachers’ contribution in problem-based learning activities in geography education”, International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 75–90, 2021.

L. O. Amaluddin, R. Rahmat, S. Surdin, M. I. Ramadhan, D. N. Hidayat, A. E. Sejati, I. G. P. E. Saputra, and S. Fayanto, “The effectiveness of outdoor learning in improving spatial intelligence”, Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 717–730, 2019.

E. Yli-Panula, E.K. Jeronen, and P. Lemmetty, “Teaching and learning methods in geography promoting sustainability”, Education Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1, 2019.

A.S. Mujib, and D. Bramasta, “Pengaruh Model Problem Based Learning Berbasis Outdoor Study Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Mata Pelajaran Geografi Di SMA Negeri 1 Patimuan Kabupaten Cilacap”, EduCurio: Education Curiosity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 420-425, 2023.

M. B. Schlemper, B. Athreya, K. Czajkowski, V. C. Stewart, and S.Shetty, “Teaching Spatial Thinking and Geospatial Technologies Through Citizen Mapping and Problem-Based Inquiry in Grades 7-12’, Journal of Geography, vol. 118, no. 1, pp. 21-34, 2019. DOI:10.1080/00221341.2018.1501083

F. Rosyida, Y.A. Wirahayu, and N. Insani, “Effectiveness of Project-Based Learning Combined with Outdoor Study on Students' Mental Map’, Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 137-142, 2019.

G. Maulidiyahwarti, “Pengaruh Model Problem Based Learning Berbasis Outdoor Study tehadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas XI IIS SMA”, Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 94–100, 2016.

D. Aprianti, and M. Ayu, “Think-Pair-Share: Engaging Students In Speaking Activities In Classroom”, Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, vol. 1, no.1, pp. 13-19, 2020.

R. Novalinda, O. Dakhi, M. Fajra, A. Azman, M. Masril, A. Ambiyar, and U. Verawadina, “Learning Model Team Assisted Individualization Assisted Module to Improve Social Interaction and Student Learning Achievement”, Universal Journal of Educational Research, vol. 8, vol. 12A, pp. 7974-7980, 2020.

M. J. Sousa, and M.C. Joana, “Discovering entrepreneurship competencies through problem-based learning in higher education students”, Education Sciences, vol. 12, no. 3, 185, 2022. doi:

K. Kusmiyati, P. Setyosari, I. Degeng, and S. Sulton, “Influence of Problem Based Learning and Cognitive Style Learning Models About Ability to Solve Problem Geography of High School Students”, International Journal of Civil Engineering & Technology (Ijciet), vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1369-1378, 2019.

D. Arisanty, K.P. Hastuti, F.A. Setiawan, and R. Imawwati, “Improving Geography Learning through Project-based Learning Model”, International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, vol. 24, no. 05, 2020.

R. Arrasyid, I. Setiawan, and D. Sugandi, “Developing learning media based on Geographic Information System for geography subject in senior high schools”, Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial, vol. 28, no.1, pp. 1-7, 2019.

S. Ridha, P. Annaba, and A. Wahab, A. “Designing geospatial technology learning material based on spatial thinking for high school students”, International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, vol. 13, no. 7, 816-838, 2020.

S. Ridha, S. Utaya, S. Bachri, and B. Handoyo, “Students’ geographic skills in Indonesia: Evaluating learning material questions about GIS using taxonomy of spatial thinking”, Journal of Social Studies Education Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 266-287, 2019.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.55215/jppguseda.v7i1.9702 Abstract views : 57 views : 32


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.