Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics Statement

Pajoul (Pakuan Justice Journal of Law) has high standards for ethical behavior expected by all parties involved in publishing actions: authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, and publishers. Pajaoul is a peer-reviewed journal, published twice a year by the journal Unit Pakuan Justice Journal of Law. It is available online as an open-access source or in printed form. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing articles in this journal, including the authors, editor in chief, Editorial Board, reviewers, and publishers.

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in Pajoul is an important building block in developing a coherent and respected knowledge network. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Articles reviewed by colleagues support and realize the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree on standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: author, editor, reviewer, publisher, and the public. Because the publisher of Mimbar Hukum takes its guardianship seriously at all stages of publishing and recognizes ethical and other responsibilities. Pajoul is committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial revenues do not have an impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Decision of publication

Pajoul editors are responsible for deciding which articles to submit to journals should be published. The editors can be guided by the policies of the Pajoul editorial board and are limited by legal requirements that will apply regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can negotiate with other editors or reviewers in making publication decisions.

Fair game

An editor evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author.


No editor and editorial staff may disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone other than the author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and publishers, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Unpublished material that is disclosed in the text submitted may not be used in the research of the editor himself without the written consent of the author.


Contribution to Editorial Decisions Peer review helps the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communication with the author can also help the writer improve the paper.


Any selected referee who feels ineligible to review the research reported in a text or knows that a quick review is not possible must inform the editor and excuse himself from the review process.


Every text received for review must be treated as a confidential document. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Objectivity Standards

Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the writer is inappropriate. Referees must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Recognition

The reviewer must identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by the author. Any statement that observations, derivations, or arguments have been reported before must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also call the editor's attention to the substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscripts being considered and any other published papers which have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or special ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider texts where they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with the authors, companies or institutions connected with the paper.

Review Process

Each text submitted to Pajoul is independently reviewed by at least two reviewers in the form of a "double-blind review". Decisions for publication, amendments or rejection are based on their reports/recommendations. In certain cases, editors can submit articles for review to another, the third reviewer before making a decision, if necessary.

Writer's Assiggnment

Reporting Standards

The author of the original research report must present an accurate report of the work carried out as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the paper. A paper must contain enough detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Retention

If applicable, the author is asked to provide raw data in connection with the paper for editorial review and must be prepared to provide public access to the data, and in any case, be prepared to save the data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Writers must ensure that they have written the original work in its entirety, and if the author has used the work and / or words of others, that this has been quoted or quoted properly.

Multiple, Redundant, or Simultaneous Publications

An author may not generally publish manuscripts that basically describe the same research in more than one major journal or publication. Submitting the same text to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Recognition

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite influential publications in determining the nature of the work reported.

Paper Essay

Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research reported. All who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The appropriate author must ensure that all suitable joint authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all joint authors have seen and agreed to the final version of the paper and have approved their submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscripts any other conflicts of financial or substantive interest that can be interpreted to affect the results or interpretations of their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed. Fundamental errors in published works When an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his own published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Basic Mistakes in Published Works

When a writer discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his self-published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.